Pé De Pimenta Do Reino

Pé De Pimenta Do Reino – Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is a climbing plant of the Piperaceae family that originates from India. It has oval leaves and narrow tips. The flowers are collected in a long stem. The fruits, called black, are small, soluble and come in clusters of 20 to 30 fruits each. The tree came to Brazil in the 18th century, but it was not until 1933 when Japanese immigrants arrived in Torné-Açu, Pará, who brought various plants from Singapore, which began to create an economy in the country. Today, Brazil is one of the largest producers and exporters, accounting for approximately 28% of world production. The main importers are developed countries: the USA, the Soviet Union, Japan, France, West Germany and the United Kingdom. None of these countries have good conditions for the production of black pepper, which is a guaranteed market for Brazil and other producers. The expansion of production depends more on the growth of international consumption than on the local situation, since there are many regions that can produce to meet the potential increase in demand. In this respect, Brazil has an advantage over other producers (Indonesia, India and Malaysia), which do not have much scope to expand cultivated areas.

The most cultivated in Brazil is Singapore with narrow leaves, short spikes and small fruits. Panniyur-L (large leaves, long spikes, fruit development, hardy), balankota and kalluvaly and karimunda are also recommended.

Pé De Pimenta Do Reino

Pé De Pimenta Do Reino

The most favorable climate is hot and humid with an average temperature of around 27 °C, 2500 mm of rainfall spread over most months, and a humidity of 80%. However, the Institute of Agronomy of Campinas (IAC) gave good results in planting in São Paulo, the amount of precipitation exceeds 1100 mm per year. Cultivation of black pepper is suitable for different soil types, from light and dusty texture to heavy and clayey texture. The most important thing is that it has good drainage, as waterlogged soil is harmful to the plant’s roots. But if moisture retention is too low during dry periods of the year, the root may dry out, preventing the formation of new shoots. Rocky soil should also be avoided.

Cominho: Suor E Pés Em Seu Perfume!

The best time for planting is the beginning of the rainy season, preferably on cloudy days. For example, in Amapá, experts from official institutions recommend planting from January to March and São Paulo from October to December. The plant must have abundant rain for at least two months. It is common practice to remove material for distribution in November and December. Planting can be done with seedlings or roots. In any case, the pit should be opened at least two months in advance, if necessary, by restoring the soil. Instructors (or sponsors) must already be installed at the time of installation. They should be made of concrete or wood, 2.8 to 3 meters long and buried 50 cm deep. The wood must be resistant to moisture, fungi and insects, as the factory has been in business for about twenty years. The pits are opened on the east side of the trainers, that is, on the side where the sun sets in the morning, and they must be at least 40 cm wide and deep. The root should be four to six nodes, 1 cm in diameter, greenish brown in color and taken from two to four year old plants. They are buried in beds with an inclination of about 30 degrees to the ground, with 1 or 2 between nodes from the ground. After 20 or 30 days, the plant is planted and the first leaves appear. After a week, these plants are carefully removed and planted in holes at the feet of the instructors, along with most of the organisms that were introduced when they were opened. The seedling should be slightly tilted towards the instructor and covered with straw for 15 or 20 days, when it has not yet taken root. The plants can also be planted in polyethylene bags filled with good soil, they are watered every day and after 3-4 months, when they have already grown well, they are definitely planted. Seeds can also be obtained from seeds, but this is a time-consuming process and there is no guarantee that plants with the same characteristics as the parent plant will be obtained. Spacing can be from 2 x 2 m to 3 x 3 m, but the most used is 2.5 x 2.5 m, which corresponds to 1,600 plants/ha.

In the first months, the plant needs to be tied to the instructor so that the branches do not fall. Binding can be done with cotton thread, plastic tape, wire or vines. Other recommended treatments include mulching the soil (with grass, rice straw, sawdust, or sugar cane) to maintain moisture and prevent weeds; make a hill, that is, collect the soil around the trunk to a height of 20 or 30 cm, to avoid the accumulation of water around the pepper tree, because too much moisture can cause its death. especially near plants so as not to cut their roots. In the first two years, the flowers were removed. In the first year, growing branches are planted. From the third year, it is customary for thieves to cut branches.

Pepper trees can be attacked by aphids, ants, beetles, mealybugs and mites. The main diseases are root rot, fruit rot, foot rot, warts, leaf spot, anthracnose, rubella, sooty mold and leaf rot. Most of these diseases are caused by soil fungi, especially Fusarium solani and F. piperi. Treatment should be carried out under the guidance of technicians.

Ceplac Bahia recommended mixing cloves, guarana, macadamia, dende, coconut, rubber tree, nutmeg and other perennial crops with black pepper. A rotation of piperi culture (pepper culture) with annatto, dama and sorghum is recommended.

Pimenta Do Reino Orgânica Em Pó 70g

The pepper tree produces two crops a year. In the Amazon, the largest is in November-December, and the smallest in March. In Bahia it is harvested in March-April and October-November. In São Paulo, it is harvested in February-March. The tree begins to produce in the third year after planting. Harvesting is done by hand using ladders. One worker can harvest up to 100 kg per day. To obtain the black skin, the fruits are harvested when some of them begin to grow. And to get white pepper, it is harvested when the fruit is yellow or scarlet red, a sign that it is very ripe. Smallholder farmers obtain peppercorns by letting the bags dry in the sun, immediately after harvest, on black plastic, instead of bags or concrete. After drying, the fruits become black and slightly wrinkled. The dough is crushed only by trampling or sifting. In some regions, they are soaked in hot water for ten minutes to get the quality to get white pepper, the harvested fruits are collected in cotton bags and placed in clean water where they will be for ten days. Thus, they lose the shell, leaving only the seeds, completely white. From there, the drying process is the same as for black pepper. White pepper is the most valuable on the market, but it yields only 18 to 20% of the weight of the mature species, while black pepper reaches 33%. That is, if you get 8 kilograms of ripe pepper from a pepper tree, you will get an average of 1.6 kilograms of white pepper or 2.64 kilograms of black pepper. Once dried, black pepper can last forever.

Chili pepper is used all over the world, in cooking, as a spice, and industrially it is used in canning. In small amounts, it has a stimulating effect on the digestive organs. However, long-term use is harmful to people with liver, colon and hemorrhoid problems.

In the third year of cultivation, each plant can produce 2.5 to 3 kilograms of black pepper. In the fourth year, it already produces around 4 kg, but can produce up to 6 kg. Production per hectare ranges from 2000 to 7000 kg of fresh pepper. Productivity in Brazil is high, producing an average of 2 kg of dry pepper per tree, while in India, 300 to 450 g are produced per plant. This is very profitable for Brazilian producers, as the spice trade generates about 120 million dollars a year in the world. Half of this value means black pepper, cloves and nutmeg.

Pé De Pimenta Do Reino

347 calories, 12 g protein, 130 mg calcium, 60 mg phosphorus, 10 mg iron, 0.04 mg vitamin B1 and 0.02 mg vitamin B2.

Como Cultivar Pimenta Do Reino Em Casa

VELOSO, California of C.; ALBUQUERQUE, FC if. Black pepper: seedling formation. Belém: Embrapa-UEPAE Belém, 1989. 14 p. (Embrapa-UEPAE Belém. Circular Técnica, 5) This name was given to the chili pepper in Brazil.

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