O Que Os Astecas Exigiam Dos Povos Dominados – The Aztecs seem to have lived as slaves of the Toltecs since the 9th century. However, they maintained their tribal organization and founded their own city-states in the 14th century.
They engage in agriculture, intensify trade, build temples and pyramids. In the 16th century, they founded and expanded their first kingdom, subjugating other tribes and city-states.
O Que Os Astecas Exigiam Dos Povos Dominados
When the Spaniards invaded Mexico in 1519, they gained support from the ruling peoples to destroy the Aztec kingdom.
Revista Observatório #22 By Serifaria
Fernando and Isabel finance the voyages of Christopher Columbus, who discovers America in 1492 and establishes a huge Spanish colonial empire in the New World. Hernán Cortés conquers Mexico from the Aztecs in 1521, and Francisco Pizarro defeats the Incas in Peru and in 1532.
King Charles I (1516-1556) inherited the kingdom from the Habsburg family and, through dynastic marriages, became the most powerful ruler in Europe: Lord and Emperor of the Netherlands (Netherlands), from Austria, Sardinia, Sicily and Naples. the Holy Roman Empire, under the title of Charles V.
The pre-Hispanic artist is mainly guided by religious concepts, even if they are anonymous, and reproduces the collective imagination more than the individual. He occupied a prominent and important place in Aztec society.
It is necessary to get rid of Western “preconceived ideas”, still impregnated with Renaissance concepts in the artistic sense, to understand the dimension represented by visual art, music, theater and poetry (oral and written). Aztec culture.
História Da América Colonial Unidades I E Ii
The arts were their primary means of communication and historical reporting, the Aztecs expressed their mentality and worldview through forms. Art is a reference to life itself, whether terrestrial or cosmic. Each form has its own signs, Aztec art takes on the main meaning of visual expression and evocation of the sacred.
Art plays a decisive role in the representation of the symbolic-religious world, this cosmic vision, which permeates Aztec society as a whole, is reflected in the way in which space is represented in poetic symbolism, architectural monuments, sculptures and artistic work in general. .
The pre-Hispanic aesthetic is linked to the sacred, there is a collective imagination, but we always recognize the artist in his individual features, as the one who transforms all this sacred symbolism into an image. Aztec art was of great importance in the historical context of this people, because the conqueror himself and Europe admired it from an aesthetic and technical point of view.
To understand each image, one must consider both the individual and collective levels. The individual is the artist himself, the subject who creates the object that will be valued by a community.
Cardoso, Ciro Flamarion. América Pré Colombiana
This understanding still depends on certain factors, such as: the medium used by the artist, the material, the object or the “idea” to be reproduced, and for whom (which audience) this image was created. The pre-Hispanic artist finds clay (clay) in his environment for pottery and sculpture; stones for sculpture, some works of art and architecture; and metals. However, this is limited by the theme.
In architecture, the magnificence of its temples and other structures stands out, which are admired for their size and lack of technology. The main rule of Aztec architectural monuments and sculptures is the horizontal principle. The sculptures are worked on all sides. They used wall paintings in their temples and palaces, and the figures were generally not personalized, being identified by pictographs. Painting was mainly used in codices (small books similar to European manuscripts) which were responsible for the transmission of knowledge.
The painting is distinguished by its figurative forms, as well as its abstract and geometric shapes. Pottery consisted of objects such as vases, pots and pans in general. Many of these household items were real works of art with polychrome paintings.
The Aztec image thus assumes the function of visual and plastic representation of the sacred. Based on the image attributed to him by the artist, his experiences, the experiences of his society, his art and fundamentally his creative “spirit”, his imagination, based on the techniques that distinguish him. The artist can be the craftsman, because he uses the technique in the same way as the old one, but this technique is at the service of his fantasy, the imagination of his collective.
História 7º Ano Pages 151 200
In one of his works, the historian Gombrich specifies: “the test of an image is not its resemblance to nature, but its effectiveness in the context of action” (Gombrich, E.H. Art and Illusion).
Within this influence, the Aztec artist created the works that today help us understand their culture, sacred concept and people. The Secret of the Aztecs
Like their Inca predecessors, the Aztecs fascinate archeology and spark speculation about their disappearance. A community characterized by labor and religious beliefs, the Aztecs lived in the Astlán region of northwestern Mexico. Direct descendants of the Toltec lineage,
The Aztecs were originally a small tribe of hunters and gatherers who settled in central Mexico in 1325 and developed modern agriculture and subsistence. Aztec inventions include irrigating the land and building “floating gardens” – growing vegetables on land taken from the bottom of lakes. The Chinampas (the name of the gardens) were built in the shallowest places of the lakes. The Aztecs used stakes and reeds to mark the location of future cinampas, fill them with mud extracted from the bottom of the lake, and mix it with the aquatic vegetation floating in the lake. This vegetation formed a dense mass on which one could walk. These technologies were essential to the founding and survival of Tenochtitlan.
Todorov, Tzvetan A Conquista Da América A Questão Do Outro
Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec Empire, was beautiful and much larger than any European city at the time. This metropolis reached its peak between 400 and 700 AD. With its immense Pyramids of the Sun and the Moon (respectively 63 and 43 m high), the Avenue of the Dead (1700 m long), the temples of the agricultural gods and the Feathered Serpent, its hard stone masks, and its magnificent ceramics, it seems to have been a theocratic and peaceful metropolis, whose influence extended to Guatemala.
Its priestly aristocracy undoubtedly came from the territory of the Olmecs and El Tajín, and its peasant population was certainly made up of the native Otomis and other rustic tribes. The religion included the worship of the god of water and rain (Tlaloc), the feathered serpent (Quetzalcoatl) symbol of agricultural fertility and the goddess of water (Chalchiuhtlicue). They believed in life after death, in paradise, where the blessed sing of their happiness guarded by Tlaloc.
The Inca Empire was built in a single century (XIV). The fall came as quickly as the rise. In the name of the Catholic Church and the monarchy of the Old World, the Spanish conquistadors Hernández de Córdoba, Grijalva and Hernán Cortés arrived in Mexico in 1517, conquered and destroyed the Aztec civilization and built on the ruins of the temple . important god, a christian cathedral. Arrest of Prince Montezuma and immediate handover to Hernán Cortés and Fernán Pizarro. Humiliated and at the mercy of the Spaniards, Montezuma is shot. As incredible as it may seem, the Aztec civilization simply disappeared. There are several hypotheses about his “escape”. One of them claims that the massacre of the Aztecs caused members of the civilization to flee to the forests of Central America.
Another hypothesis, supported by ufologists and flying saucer fanatics, claims that the Aztecs were extraterrestrials or hybrid products that immediately returned to their home planets after completing their mission. A few clues reveal the whereabouts of these mysterious people.
A) O Que Os Astexigiam Dos Povos Dominados ?b) O Que Se Pode Concluir Com Base Nesse Texto?c) Como
Around 1988, however, a Salvadoran television journalist made a rather disturbing discovery.
Aztec ruins indicate much more grandeur than quality. Their architecture was less sophisticated than that of the Maya. Thousands of craftsmen worked tirelessly to build and maintain temples and palaces. Small temples stood atop tall pyramids of earth and stone, and steps led to their gates. Stone images of the gods, usually monstrous in shape and reliefs with symbolic designs, were placed in temples and plazas.
The most famous Aztec sculpture is the Sun Stone, incorrectly called the Aztec Stone Calendar. It is located at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City. In the center of the 3.7m diameter stone is an image of the sun god, which represents the Aztec days of the week and Aztec versions of world history, as well as myths and prophecies.
The Aztecs were skilled artisans. They dyed cotton, made gold and silver vessels and ornaments, and carved many jade jewels.
A)o Que Os Astecas Exigiam Dos Povos Dominados?b)o Que Se Pode Concluir Com Base No Texto Desta
Eighteen gods. Aztec polytheism was based on the belief that each office had representative deities. They believed in a god who watched the wind, another the sun, another who took care of the crops and so on. Religion and state were so united in Aztec society that civil laws were backed by the power of religious belief. When they went to war, the Aztecs not only
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