Bem Vindo Tem Hifen – The rules for the use of the hyphen have undergone profound changes with the Orthographic Agreement, binding since 2016. Let’s see here how the sign should be used today and, finally, understand all the rules for its use.
The hyphen is a sign used in various linguistic situations. Very common in compound nouns, in cross-line, in syllable division and in pronoun placement, it will be used with the aim of establishing a semantic association between the terms.
Bem Vindo Tem Hifen
#1 When the word is formed by a prefix followed by a radical beginning with a distinct vowel, it will be spelled together, that is, without the use of the hyphen.
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#2 When the word is formed by a prefix followed by a radical beginning with the same vowel, there will be a division, with the separation of the two elements.
#3 In cases of the prefix “ko-” or “re-” followed by a radical beginning with a vowel, whether it is the same or different, there will be no use of a hyphen.
#4 In words formed by a prefix followed by a radical beginning with the letter “–s”, it will be doubled, without using the hyphen.
#5 In words formed by a prefix followed by a radical beginning with “-r”, there will be no hyphen, the letter “-r” is doubled.
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#6 In the case of the prefixes “super-“, “hyper-” and “inter-“, the use of a dash will be mandatory when the radical begins with the letters “h” and “r”.
#8 In the case of prefixes “sub-” or “sob-“, a hyphen will be used when they are followed by the letters “h”, “b” and “r”.
#10 In the case of prefixes “pan-” and “circum-“, the dash will be mandatory when followed by the letters “m”, “n” and a vowel.
#1 In words composed of connecting elements (preposition or conjunction), the hyphen is not used, the expression is spelled separately.
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#4 In words composed by juxtaposition, the new orthography abolished the use of the hyphen when the sense of composition is lost (VOLP).
The standardisation, grammaticalisation, orthography of a language has in all historical moments constituted a selection process and, like any selection process, a simultaneous process of exclusion. The centralization of national states since the Renaissance around the figure of the king, a symbol of nationality, led to the political construction of a national language, an official language.
Now, according to what criteria would one define this official language, this language, which from mother tongue will become mother tongue, mother tongue, official language? In the midst of the linguistic diversity that has always characterized all European countries, which language or which language variety will be torn from its social dynamics to become a monument, a symbol of national identity?
The criteria will always be of a political nature and never of a “linguistic” nature, in the sense that there is no possibility of a variant being selected for any set of “inherent” characteristics (beauty, elegance, richness, brevity, etc. ) which makes it “naturally” more suitable to be selected for the hypostasis process. The chosen language will always, in the case of united nations, be the language or dialect spoken in the region where power resides, the Court, the aristocracy, the king.
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Signed on September 6, 1539 by King Francis I, it states that each and every legal document, contracts, judgments, wills, etc. Now this “French mother tongue” was used by an extremely small minority in the 16th century, and even at the end of the 18th century, as we shall see below, it was unknown to three quarters of the French population. Its choice as an official language is due to the mere fact that it is the mother tongue of the king, which is reason enough to determine its official status, despite its limited distribution among the subjects. By what may appear to be an act of democratization of the relations between power and citizens – the replacement of Latin by French in official acts – was in fact a reaffirmation of the aristocratic character of that political regime and was linked to the simple . fact that at that stage in French history Latin was already an unknown language for most members of the political and cultural elite.
The language or variety of language chosen to be official will be the object of work of codification, standardization, work undertaken by grammarians, and also the creation of a new, wide lexicon, enabling the language to be an instrument of high literature, science, religion and law.
Therefore, and unlike what is usually (and unfortunately) read in texts signed by (socio)linguists – in a discourse that is also repeated in Portuguese textbooks, supposedly “updated” with advances in linguistics -, the norm – norm no doubt one of the many language varieties that exist in society. There is no standard variety (a contradiction in terms, by the way, because if it is standard, that is, uniform and unchanging, how can it be a “variety”?), nor a standard dialect, nor ‘ not a standard language, despite these terms. abundant in the bibliography devoted to the subject. What exists is a normative norm, nobody’s mother tongue, mother tongue par excellence, the language of the Law, a norm in the most legal sense of the term.
Comment: The hyphen used in the third paragraph of the text aims to strengthen the negative semantics of the adverbs that make up the created word. Therefore letter D is correct.
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Question 02. (IF-PE. IF-PE. Technician in educational affairs. 2019) Spelling correction is an element that contributes to understanding the meaning of the text. The New Orthographic Convention regulates the use of the hyphen in some words, such as “minicursos”, which must be written without a hyphen, as well as
Comment: The letter A is wrong, because in names of plants or animals the dash – cauliflower – must be used. The letter B is correct and is the template for the question, because a prefix whose radical begins with the letters “r” or “s” will be spelled without a hyphen, with the aforementioned consonants doubled. The letter C is incorrect because the correct form requires the use of a hyphen – welcome. The letter D is incorrect because it is mandatory to use a hyphen in words formed by the prefixes “pan” or “circum” when followed by the letters “m”, “n” or a vowel – pan- American. The letter E is incorrect because the prefix ends with the same letter that begins the radical, in which case the vowel is doubled and the hyphen is removed.
Question 03. (Foundation CEFETBAHIA. City Hall of Barreiras – BA. Psychologist. 2019) Considering the correct use of the hyphen, according to the new orthographic agreement, analyze the following sentences.
Comment: Item I is correct because a hyphen must be used in a word beginning with the prefix “anti” whose root begins with the letter h. Item II is incorrect because a hyphen is not used in words that do not begin with the letter “h” or with a vowel identical to the last of the prefix. Item III is incorrect because there are two words with different ending vowels, so there is no need to use the hyphen. Item IV is correct because the prefix “pós” will be separated by a hyphen.
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Are the rules for using the hyphen under the New Orthographic Convention clear? Were you able to answer all the questions without difficulty? Leave your impressions in the comments 🙂
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Conhecendo O Novo Acordo Ortográfico Módulo Ii
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Uso Do Hífen Depois Do Novo Acordo Ortográfico. Veja O Que Mudou
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Atualizado] Hífen: Como Usar De Forma Correta
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